List Of All Prime Minister Of India
The Prime Minister of India is the chief executive of the government of India, and is usually the leader of the party or alliance that has a majority in Lok Sabha – the lower house of India’s Parliament. From 1947 when Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru took oath as our first prime minister till Narendra Modi, the present prime minister; this video in form of an interesting presentation highlights and briefly describes all the key activities each of the 14 Prime Ministers have undertaken during their term. Indian Prime Minister one after the other, have continued the legacy of their preceder and crafter their own to make India the 7th largest economy in the world from being one of the poorest back in 1947, when India won their Independence.
List Of All Prime Minister Of India is given below:
|S.N.||Name||Born-Dead||Term of office||Remark|
|1.||Jawahar Lal Nehru||(1889–1964)||15 August 1947-27 May 1964
16 years, 286 days
|The first prime minister of India and the longest-serving PM of India, first to die in office.|
|2.||Gulzarilal Nanda (Acting)||(1898-1998)||27 May,1964 to 9 June 1964,
|First acting PM of India|
|3.||Lal Bahadur Shastri||(1904–1966)||9 June, 1964 to 11 January 1966
1 year, 216 days
|He has given the slogan of ‘Jai Jawan Jai Kisan’ during Indo-Pak war of 1965|
|4.||Gulzari Lal Nanda (Acting)||(1898-1998)||January 11, 1966 – January 24, 1966
|5.||Indira Gandhi||(1917–1984)||24 January 1966 to 24 March 1977
11 years, 59 days
|First lady Prime Minister of India|
|6.||Morarji Desai||(1896–1995)||24 March 1977 – 28 July 1979
2 year, 126 days
|Oldest to become PM @ 81 and first to resign from office|
|7.||Charan Singh||(1902–1987)||28 July 1979 to 14 January 1980
|Only PM who did not face the Parliament|
|8.||Indira Gandhi||(1917–1984)||14 Jan.1980 to 31 October 1984
4 years, 291 days
|The first lady who served as PM for the second term|
|9.||Rajiv Gandhi||(1944–1991)||31 October 1984 to 2 December 1989
5 years, 32 days
|Youngest to become PM @ 40 year|
|10.||V. P. Singh||(1931–2008)||2 December 1989 to 10 November 1990
|First PM to step down after a vote of no confidence|
|11.||Chandra Shekhar||(1927–2007)||10 November 1990 to 21 June 1991
|He belongs to Samajwadi Janata Party|
|12.||P. V. Narasimha Rao||(1921–2004)||21 June 1991 to 16 May 1996
4 years, 330 days
|First PM from south India|
|13.||Atal Bihari Vajpayee||(1924- 2018)||16 May 1996 to 1 June 1996
|PM for shortest tenure|
|14.||H. D. Deve Gowda||(born 1933)||1 June 1996 to 21 April 1997
|He belongs to Janata Dal|
|15.||Inder Kumar Gujral||(1919–2012)||21 April 1997 to 19 March 1998 332 days||——|
|16.||Atal Bihari Vajpayee||(1924-2018)||19 March 1998 to 22 May 2004
6 years, 64 days
|The first non-congress PM who completed a full term as PM|
|17.||Manmohan Singh||(born 1932)||22 May 2004 to 26 May 2014
10 years, 4 days
|First Sikh PM|
|18.||Narendra Modi||(born 1950)||26 May 2014, Incumbent||4th Prime Minister of India who served two consecutive tenures|
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ROLE OF PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA
The Prime Minister of India is considered as the head of the government and the real (de facto) executive head of the country. He is appointed by the President of India as per the Article 75 of the constitution. The leader of the winning political party is appointed as the Prime Minister of India. He leads the Council of Ministers. The Prime Minister receives the same salary and allowances as are given to Members of Parliament. He holds the key of the government. His work and duties are wide and his authority is enormous.
The Prime Minister constitutes the Council of Ministers, determines its size, decides to include individuals in the Council of Ministers, names the ministers to constitute the Cabinet and allocate offices. He can also choose his allies from outside his party’s ranks, as Nehru did in 1950. There is nothing in the Constitution that can compel the Prime Minister to form a Council of Ministers in the selection of his team. It is the undisputed right of the Prime Minister to shuffle his pack, as and when he likes. He is free to exercise his decisions to make such appointments as he may find appropriate for the stability, effectiveness, and efficiency of the government. In addition to overall supervision of the central government’s administration, the Prime Minister exercises special responsibility for foreign, defense, finance, home and economic affairs. The Prime Minister is the Chairman of the NITI Aayog and the National Development Council.All major announcements of government policy and business are made by him and all questions of important issues related to non-departmental affairs and national and international affairs are addressed to the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister takes the initiative and intervenes in debates of general importance, as well as having immediate authority to give him what he may deem to be the errors of the commission of his colleagues in the Council of Ministers.
The Prime Minister is the channel of communication with the President on matters of public importance and the Constitution itself establishes this channel when Article 78 prescribes it as the duty of the Prime Minister.
A. to communicate to the President all decisions of the Council of Ministers and proposals of legislation relating to the administration of the affairs of the Union;
B. to furnish such information relating to the administration of the affairs of the Union and to propose legislation to the President; And
C. If the President requires it, the Council of Ministers to consider matters which have been decided by a Minister but which have not been considered by the Council.
Thus, even if a particular minister has submitted any advice to the Prime Minister without placing it before the Council of Ministers, the President has the power (through the Prime Minister) to refer to the matter which will be considered by the Council of Ministers. Thus the unity of the cabinet system will be implemented in India through the provisions of the written constitution.The patronage by the Prime Minister is huge. All major appointments have actually been made by him.
While making such appointments, he has no doubt, receives the advice of his colleagues, but the last decision is of him. The Constitution (Forty-ninth Amendment) Act, 1978 recognized and institutionalized it in the Cabinet and distinguished it from other ministers who are members of the Council of Ministers. Newly inserted clause (3) in Article 452 provides that the President shall not declare a state of emergency or to issue it, unless the decision of the Union Cabinet (that is to say, the Council is of the Prime Minister) appointed under Article 75 Other ministers of cabinet rank) are informed to them in writing.
FUNCTIONS & POWERS OF PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA
Prime Minister of India serves the country by performing various functions envisaging various powers that are mentioned below:
- Country Leader: The Prime Minister of India is the head of the Government of India.
- Portfolio allocation: The Prime Minister has the authority to allocate portfolios to ministers.
- Chairman of the Cabinet: The Prime Minister is the Chairman of the Cabinet and presides over the meetings of the Cabinet. He can enforce his decision if there is a significant opinion difference between members.
- Official representative of the country: The Prime Minister represents the country for high-level international meetings.
- The link between the President and the Cabinet: The Prime Minister acts as the link between the President and the Cabinet. He communicates all decisions of the Cabinet to the President which relate to the administration of the affairs of the Union and proposals for legislation.
- Head: Prime Minister Nuclear Command Authority, NITI Aayog, heads the Appointments Committee of Cabinet, Department of Atomic Energy, Department of Space and Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions.
- Chief Advisor: He serves as the Chief Advisor to the President