National Symbols of India – Animal, Bird, Emblem, Fruit, Flower & Others

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National Symbols of India

The National Symbols of India is the National identity elements of the country. These National Symbols signify the heritage and identity of the Republic of India. They are a source of pride and inspiration for Indian citizens and hence it is important. This article is going to provide you with a list of the National Symbols of India and some interesting facts about them.

National Symbols of India

Here check the complete list of national symbols of India.

TitleNational Symbols
National FlagTiranga
National AnthemJana Gana Mana
National CalendarSaka calendar
National SongVande Mataram
National EmblemNational Emblem of India
National FruitMango
National RiverGanga
National AnimalRoyal Bengal Tiger
National TreeIndian Banyan
National Aquatic AnimalGanges River Dolphin
National BirdIndian Peacock
National CurrencyIndian Rupee
National ReptileKing Cobra
National Heritage AnimalIndian Elephant
National FlowerLotus
National VegetablePumpkin
Oath of AllegianceNational Pledge

Some Hidden Facts about The National Symbols of India

  1. National Flag – It is believed that the first Indian National Flag in India was hoisted on August 7, 1906, in the Parsee Bagan Square in Calcutta. Read 10 interesting facts about the National Flag of India in the linked article.
  2. National Bird – The Peacock was acknowledged as the National Bird of India in 1963. Read more interesting facts about the National Bird of India in the linked article.
  3. National Flower – Even though the lotus is an epitome of beauty, it signifies non-attachment. Read more interesting facts about the National Flower of India in the linked article.
  4. National Tree – Banyan tree or Indian Fig Tree is considered immortal and is an integral part of the myths and legends of India
  5. National Anthem – The National Anthem of India was written by Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore. Read more interesting facts about the National Anthem of India in the linked article.
  6. National River – Ganga is the longest river of India flowing over 2,510 km of mountains, valleys and plains. Read about National River of India in the linked article.
  7. National Aquatic Animal – Dolphin represents the purity of the holy Ganga as it can only survive in pure and freshwater. Read about National Aquatic Animal of India in the linked article.
  8. National Emblem – The Indian National Emblem was accepted on 26 January 1950 by Madhav Sawhney. To read more about the National Emblem of India, check the linked article.
  9. National Calendar – It was adopted from 22 March 1957. Read about Calendars in India from the linked article.
  10. National Animal – Till 1972, the Lion was the national animal of India. Read more interesting facts about the National Animal of India in the linked article.
  11. National Song – The song was a part of Bankim Chandra Chatterji’s most famous novel Anand Math (1882) which is set in the events of Sannyasi rebellion. Read more interesting facts about the National Song of India in the linked article.
  12. National Fruit – Mughal emperor Akbar planted 100,000 mango trees in Darbhanga, Bihar at a place now known as Lakhi Bagh.
  13. Currency Symbol – The symbol of Indian Rupee was accepted by the Government of India on 15th July 2010. Read more interesting facts about the Currency Symbol of India in the linked article.

Important –

The composition consisting of the words and music of the first stanza of the late poet Rabindranath Tagore’s song known as ‘Jana Gana Mana’ is the National Anthem of India. It reads as follows:

Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka, jaya he
Bharata-bhagya-vidhata.
Punjab-Sindh-Gujarat-Maratha
Dravida-Utkala-Banga
Vindhya-Himachala-Yamuna-Ganga
Uchchala-Jaladhi-taranga.
Tava shubha name jage,
Tava shubha asisa mange,
Gahe tava jaya gatha,
Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya he
Bharata-bhagya-vidhata.
Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he,
Jaya jaya jaya, jaya he!

The above is the full version of the Anthem and its playing time is approximately 52 seconds. A short version consisting of the first and last lines of the National Anthem is also played on certain occasions. It reads as follows:

Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka, jaya he
Bharata-bhagya-vidhata.
Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he,
Jaya jaya jaya, jaya he!

Playing time of the short version is about 20 seconds.

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